Library Withdrawal

Are you having library withdrawal? I mean, are you missing going to the library? I haven’t been to the library since the beginning of March. And oh, man, do I miss it.

This image of the beautiful Trinity Library in Dublin eases my library withdrawal a little.

I didn’t always check out books when I went. I’d go to write, to research, and to sit and think. My local library is open with limited hours and Cover 19 precautions in place. Still, I stay at home to protect my husband’s fragile health. So I devised a way to visit libraries when I can’t physically visit them.

I have always imagined that Paradise will be a kind of a Library.

—Jorge Luis Borges

What is a Library

Everyone knows what a library is, don’t they? But when you think the word library—what is it you “see?”

Libraries are promoters of literacy, providers of a wide range of reading for all ages, and centers for community information services.

Filled with books, magazine, and oh, so much more, libraries are places of wonder and treasures. 

The First Library

We may never know when or where the first library existed. And for libraries, there are all kinds of firsts. First opened, first publicly funded, first with this or that document and so on. But here are a few “first libraries.”

The world’s oldest known library, the Library of Ashurbanipal, was in the city of Nineveh in modern day Iraq. Created in the 7th century BC for the Assyrian ruler of the same name, it housed 30,000 cuneiform tablets. The materials were mostly archival documents, religious incantations and scholarly texts, but the 4,000-year-old “Epic of Gilgamesh” was part of its collection.

Part of the world’s oldest continually operating university, the al-Qarawiyyin library opened in 850. It is in Fez, Morocco and received a massive remodel from 2012 to 2016. And it’s gorgeous.

Saint Catherine’s Monastery, one of the oldest libraries in the world, is at Mount Sinai, Egypt. Second only to the Vatican Library, it holds the largest collection of ancient manuscripts and codices in the world.

First Libraries in the U.S.

According to Sturgis Library, the Boston Public Library was the first publicly supported free municipal library in the world.

The Darby Free Library in Darby, Pennsylvania, is “America’s oldest public library, in continuous service since 1743.” 

More than a Building

Image of the library in Prague also eases my library withdrawal

Libraries will get you through times of no money better than money will get you through times of no libraries.

–Anne Herbert

Today’s libraries are meeting places, places of technology, places of learning, and having fun, places that support the arts visual, musical, and written. Libraries are for everyone regardless of age, race, ethnicity, gender, or financial status. They hold histories, both truth and fiction. Their shelves are real and virtual.

Without libraries, what have we? We have no past and no future.

–Ray Bradbury

Libraries Online

Things get tricky when we look for libraries online. There are many reputable ones, but there are as many, perhaps more, that hold stolen books (also known as pirated books). How do you tell if they pirated the book? Be suspicious if an online library is offering free copies of bestsellers. Check copyright dates. Books published before 1924 are in public domain and may be downloaded. If there’s any doubt, ask the author. Help authors track stolen books.

There are also scammers who offer to sell you titles at discount prices. But buyer beware. You may not get the book you thought you were buying. And if you do—it’s stolen property.

You can’t go wrong with The Library of Congress. The LOC holds hundreds of thousands of books, manuscripts, audiobooks, film, music, maps, and more.

Project Gutenberg has over 60,000 free eBooks. According to the site “Project Gutenberg eBooks are mostly older literary works. Most were published before 1924, with some published in the decades after.” Books published prior to 1924 are in public domain. The status of the books published “decades after” is unclear.

The Open Libraries project by the Internet Archive partners with public libraries to lend digital books to patrons. In the past, this system has respected authors’ copyrights by limiting the number of copies lent out at a time and paying for the right to lend the books. Recently, the Internet Archive announced the National Emergency Library would offer “free” books to anyone and everyone. The problem is that this does away with the limited lending and violates the authors’ copyrights.

To be certain you aren’t supporting a pirate, look for community libraries or university libraries that offer digital book lending.

Physical or Digital

The only thing that you absolutely have to know, is the location of the library.

– Albert Einstein

I often prefer physical books but I like digital books, too. However, when it comes to libraries I find I prefer the physical buildings. There’s something special about walking into a building with rows and rows of shelves bulging with books.

Google can bring you back 100,000 answers, a librarian can bring you back the right one.

– Neil Gaiman

Are You in Library Withdrawal?

“It was good to walk into a library again; it smelled like home.”

― Elizabeth Kostova, The Historian

I will wait to walk into a library again. But when I do, I’ll agree wholeheartedly with the quote by Elizabeth Kostova above. What about you? Are you in library withdrawal?

Pirating is Stealing

The interwebs have been vibrating with arguments over a website that has pirated many books. Let me be clear. Any site, person, organization which did not pay for copyrighted materials has stolen that property. Pirating books is stealing.

There have been flurries of arguments. Some have insisted that all ghostwriters are pirates (ridiculous). Others have argued that anyone who publishes a book a month must be a pirate (not necessarily.)

No Excuses

I once posted on a social media site. I warned about an organization that had instituted a new policy. Their new policy allowed them to post copyrighted material without permission.

My post went to a group of readers and video/movie watchers. The derision invoked by this post amazed me. One commenter said that I’d found the wrong group. No. I did not. If my post warned those who cared, it was enough. If my post educated some who did not understand. That was enough.

There are people who understand that pirating is stealing. Some people choose to excuse stealing. Though I suspect that those who excuse stealing books would protest long and loud if a thief had stolen their car or money or furniture.

What is Not Piracy

Giving away a physical copy of a book you purchased to a single other person is not pirating. Sharing a physical copy of a book you purchased with multiple friends over time, is not pirating.

Giving away an ebook that you purchased isn’t usually pirating either, but it could be. The line here is grayer. Bought from Amazon or other online retailers an ebook is not yours, it’s licensed to you. That license specifies what you can and cannot do. Have you read the license? Or did you click the accept button without reading and move on?

Selling a physical book you own is not stealing. It is a physical property that is being re-sold. Like furniture or clothes that you bought and paid for can be re-sold.

Masked thief with crowbar. Bottom line pirating books is stealing.

Pirating is Stealing

Books, artwork, music, or intellectual property are the fruit of a creator’s work. Creators often spend an enormous amount of time learning their craft, practicing, and creating products. Pirates take something that does not belong to them and give it away. How is that stealing? Again, let’s talk about furniture. What if he came to your home and steals your sofa. If he gives it away does that make it not stolen? Of course not.

Anyone who sells or gives away books or music or art that they DID NOT RECEIVE AS A GIFT, BUY, OR CREATE is stealing. Doesn’t matter if it’s one or a million books. It does not matter if the pirate makes money off of the item or not. Stolen property is stolen.

Many people believe that if something is posted on the internet it must be free. This is the crux of the problem. Someone created every post and picture on the internet. Some people choose to create to earn wages. Other people may choose to create something and give it away. (See Creative Commons.) Before you re-post an image or a post, be certain you understand the difference.

Copyright Laws

There are many people who believe copyright laws are crazy. The Constitution of the United States of America gives Congress the power to enact laws establishing a system of copyright. Congress enacted the first federal copyright law in May 1790. The current US copyright law is here.

The law provides creators with a limited monopoly. This was and is an incentive to authors, artists, and scientists to create original works. Once a work has exceeded that limit, the work slips into public domain.

Public Domain

Works that are in “Public domain” are creative materials not protected by intellectual property laws. Read this post for a better explanation. Property laws include copyright, trademark, or patent laws.

The public owns these works. Anyone can use a public domain work without obtaining permission. To own that piece of work, the user must create something different from the original. This, again, is a gray area. Be certain you speak to a copyright attorney before you try to profit from this kind of use.

Creative Commons

Creative Commons is a network meant to standardize a way creators could give permissions to share and use creative works. The creator chooses what limitations, if any, to put on how the creative work may be used. Read the license for that work carefully. There are six different licenses. Each license carries a disclaimer, “The license may not give you all of the permissions necessary for your intended use. For example, other rights such as publicity, privacy, or moral rights may limit how you use the material.” In most cases, the original work remains the property of the creator.

Creative Commons is a good thing. But again, I support it only so long as the original creator chooses to put the work out there and chooses what licenses apply.

In My Opinion

If you believe the copyright laws are crazy, you must a.) work for free, b.) be misinformed about how much money the average writer makes in her lifetime, c.) be a narcissist wanting free stuff without regard to who it hurts, or d.) must be a pirate.

Uninformed or misinformed? I hope my post added to your understanding.

Work for free? More power to you. As the sole income source in my household, I cannot work for free.

If you subscribe to the ‘where there’s a will there’s a way–so get used to it’ theory? Some people have a will to rape, murder, extort, blackmail, and steal your car. Would you like “get used to it?” Of course not. Theft of intellectual property is real. Don’t like being called a thief. Don’t steal.

Narcissist? Go play by yourself, that’s what you’re best at.

Pirate? I will stand against you and what you represent. You are a criminal.

Last Words

Did the people ‘hating on’ my post upset me? Not in the least. Their interactions gave that post more airtime. 🙂

The personal attacks must have upset me, right? No. I don’t like personal attacks, but frankly, I don’t care. The people whose opinions I care about are not the authors of such attacks.

My intent here and in the past was both to warn and to educate. We can respectfully disagree with one another about whether the duration of copyright is just or not. We can attempt a reasonable discussion of what is and isn’t pirating. But I will not tolerate attitudes that justify stealing. Pirating is stealing. That’s my bottom line.